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At Great Neck & Mid-Island Dental Associates, we provide state-of-the-art periodontal care, in addition to advanced cosmetic dentistry. Since periodontal (gum) disease is a major cause of tooth loss in the U.S., affecting 75% of adults age 35 and older, we recognize the importance of proper diagnosis and treatment. Should you feel nervous about periodontal treatment, our team can discuss sedation dentistry options to ensure you have the most comfortable visit possible.

For any questions regarding periodontal disease, or to schedule a consultation with one of our periodontists, please contact us today.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is caused by a bacterial infection that begins as inflammation of the gums. It can lead to serious issues that may ultimately require reconstructive and cosmetic dentistry. When left untreated, periodontal disease can destroy the gums, bone, and ligaments supporting the teeth. One reason periodontal disease is so widespread among adults is that it is initially a painless condition often going unnoticed for years at a time.

Periodontal Disease Symptoms

Although the beginning of periodontal disease is difficult to detect, as little to no symptoms arise, the progression of the condition can show specific warning signs that you should not ignore. People who suffer from gum disease typically exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding gums
  • Gum recession
  • Loose teeth
  • Pain
  • Chronic bad breath

Stages of Periodontal Disease


The earliest form of periodontal disease is gingivitis. Our periodontists can help you develop a comprehensive plan for preventing gingivitis and other stages of periodontal disease. The first symptoms to be aware of are gums that bleed when brushed or flossed. Other signs may be red, swollen, or irritated gums. Usually, proper brushing and flossing can reverse gingivitis.


As periodontal disease progresses to periodontitis, the most severe form of the condition, symptoms can become more noticeable, and resultant damage may require more in-depth treatments. These signs can include teeth that are loose or separating, change in bite, and chronic bad breath or a bad taste. Anyone experiencing any of these symptoms should contact our offices right away to determine the best form of treatment.

Risk Factors

When it comes to gum disease, there are some factors that can be controlled and others that cannot be. Although age is not a risk factor, older individuals are more susceptible to disease. Common risk factors for developing the disease include the following:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Teeth grinding or bite problems
  • Diabetes
  • Hormone changes
  • Family history of periodontal disease
  • Taking certain medication

If any of these factors apply to you, it is important to take extra care of your oral health, visiting a dental professional on a routine basis.

Schedule a Periodontal Consultation

Our skilled periodontists would be happy to discuss the benefits of periodontal care and cosmetic dentistry treatments with you. For more information about periodontics and your oral health, feel free to contact us today. Make sure to visit our non-surgical and laser treatment pages to learn how you can manage your condition.